May is Stroke Awareness Month
Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States has a stroke. A stroke occurs when a blockage stops the flow of blood to the brain or when a blood vessel in or around the brain bursts. Although many people think of stroke as a condition that affects only older adults, strokes can and do occur in people of all ages. Nearly a quarter of all strokes occur in people younger than age 65.
When responding to a stroke, every minute counts. The sooner a patient receives medical treatment, the lower the risk for death or disability. If you or someone you know exhibits the following signs or symptoms, call 9-1-1 IMMEDIATELY.
- Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
- Confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding.
- Trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
- Trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance and coordination.
- Severe headache with no known cause.
Remember, getting immediate medical attention for stroke is crucial to preventing disability and death, so don’t delay, dial 9-1-1.
Family history, age, sex, and race/ethnicity can all play a role in an individual’s stroke risk. There are several things you can do to lower your chances of having a stroke beginning with knowing the ABCs of health.
- The ABCs of health:
- Appropriate Aspirin therapy: Ask your doctor if taking aspirin is right for you.
- Blood pressure control: Keeping your blood pressure under control reduces your risk of heart attack and stroke.
- Cholesterol management: Get your cholesterol checked regularly and manage it with diet and physical activity or with medication, if needed.
- Smoking cessation
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat a healthy diet that’s low in sodium.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Prevent or control diabetes.
- Limit your alcohol intake (fewer than two drinks per day for men, or one drink per day for women).
Used with permission of www.cdc.gov
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